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Ubuntu Installation basics

Note: This article does not cover installing Ubuntu alongside Windows.

There are basically two ways you can install Ubuntu in you computer.

1. Erase everything on the hard disk and install Ubuntu

2. Manual partition scheme

Options 1 is an easy and hassle free way to install Ubuntu as it will configure necessary partitions for you. Whereas, Option 2 will require manual configuration of the partitions and mount points. Before we proceed with option 2 we need to understand the basic requirement for Ubuntu Installation. 

Note: Mount point refers to directory in Linux.

While installing Ubuntu we need to define our partitions and map them to respective mount points.

Ubuntu needs two partitions at least to install:

Root Partition

The parent directory of the file system in Linux is / ("root"). The root partition should map to root as mount point. 

Swap Partition

Swap partition is analogous to virtual memory in Windows. This space of the hard disk will be used as virtual memory in case of unavailability of actual memory.

Note: We dont need to map this partition to any mount point.

 

Partition size

The size of the swap partition can be in the range 1-2 GB. Rest of the space can be assigned to the root partition. 

 

Hard Disk and partition notation

Let us assume your computer has a single hard disk. Linux identifies it as sda.
Note: If there was a second hard disk it would be read sdb.

Now if we create two partitions in this hard disk (sda), it would be called sda1 and sda2.

Ultimately our partitioning scheme would look like below:

Device

Partition

Mount Point

sda

sda1

/

sda

sda2 (swap)

-

 

This partition scheme is good enough to proceed with Ubuntu installation.